Science (from Latin scientia - knowledge) is a word that loosely describes a body of knowledge. While the knowledge may be spiritual knowledge, such as in the fields of theology and eschatology, the knowledge referred to under the heading of "science" has largely become the science of the natural (physical) universe. The logical thought processes learned in the physical sciences are directly applicable to non-physical sciences as well, both in establishing truth and refuting falsehood.People have pursued knowledge (scientia) from time immemorial. The mathematical and scientific knowledge of the Greeks was impressive, but was largely lost in the Middle Ages. During the same Middle Ages, the mathematical skill of the Moslems rose to new heights. It is Arabic numerals that we use in the Western world today.
We like to know what, and how, and why. We take what we know, and we theorize about why, and how. Then we test our theories against reality to see if they are true or not. This is how the pursuit of knowledge is supposed to work.An unfortunate feature of science in recent years is the acceptance of unproven and unprovable theories as fact. The harm is not only intellectual, but spiritual.
In evaluating scientific material for use in education, there are two or three things which the Christian educator may wish to use as standards. One is what the book says about evolution. A second is whether or not the book keeps current with new, proven scientific discoveries. Lastly, science is interesting. Real world applications of scientific information are interesting. Experiments are interesting. Stories about people are interesting. These are some features that the teacher may wish to consider in evaluating scientific materials for use.